As long ago as 600 BCE, Ionians postulated that the Earth orbited the Sun, and that the sun was the central point of the solar system about which the planets revolved. Subsequent Ionians correctly calculated the size of the earth. They understood the stars to be very distant, that they are created and eventually extinguish, and correctly determined that the magnitude of light from a star determined a star’s age and phase of life. This was in the 2nd century BCE. These Greeks were the forerunners of the scientific method, and modern astronomy. http://www.vexen.co.uk/religion/christianity_astronomy.html
This view of the universe was corroborated by Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and Isaac Newton
But the church rejected this concept for some 1500 years. The Bible has multiple references to Earth as the immovable center of the universe. Joshua 10:12-13, 2 Kings 20:11, Isaiah 38:8, Isaiah 30:26 Psalm 93, all of them and others contradict what astronomers knew for centuries. Scripture places the Earth as the focal point of the universe, with the Sun and planets revolving around it. With stars set in a firmament above it (Genesis). To believe otherwise was to doubt the Word of God, a heresy.
The Church suppressed Copernican theory and its scientific truths, by threat, by house arrest, by accusations of blasphemy. But by the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, truth won out, the Church retreated, begrudgingly accepting that the Biblical concept of the universe was in fact wrong. No wait!!!~ Not “wrong” wrong, ... Uh … “incorrectly interpreted” for 1500 years. Yeah, that’s it… “incorrectly interpreted.”
FAST FORWARD TO THE 21ST CENTURY:
Among modern day Christians who believe the Biblical concept of the universe to be correct are The Geocentric Bible Foundation of Hugoton, Texas; The Tychonian Society; and Catholic Apologetics International, among others.
Devout Christian proponents of Biblical Geocentrism, some of whom believe that the Copernican helio-centric system is Satan’s deception, have websites that fight proven science http://www.endofman.com/True_Religion/galileoheresy.htm , http://www.jesus-is-lord.com/geocentr.htm , http://www.mbowden.surf3.net/ , http://www.fixedearth.com/ , http://www.geocentricity.com/ and more.
Now I can hear some Christians protesting “But these are fringe crazies, they aren’t TRUE Christians, they are misinterpreting Scripture, the Bible never said these things, etc., etc., etc..” But they would be wrong. They are in denial. They are apologist liars. There are millions of American Evangelical Christians who subscribe to the Earth as center of the universe, center of the solar system, Earth as fixed / non-rotating etc. These are the devout believers who reject science and accept the Word of God unquestioning no matter how stupid, pre-scientific and deluded their scripture and “God” might be.
I say these are the TRUE Christians. They don’t pick and choose and mince words about what the Bible says. It says what it says! God doesn’t misspeak. He doesn’t deceive. These believers talk the talk, and walk the walk. These Christians deserve credit for their unfailing, uncompromising acceptance of the Bible as the Word of God un-contradicted, inerrant.
They are also total fucking idiots, but how much more idiotic are they than their brethren? Those who choose to selectively believe in reanimation of dead bodies, virgin pregnancy, walking on water, life after death, demons, angels, Hell, Second Coming, Original Sin, Noah’s Ark, et al all because the Bible told 'em so. ? By my calculation, not enough to make much of a difference.